Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. This is also known as attention deficit disorder (ADD). Children who suffer from ADHD may find it hard to concentrate, and are easily distracted to the point that it interferes with their schooling, friendships and family life.

This is a developmental disorder with symptoms exhibiting between 3 – 6 years old. It is three times more likely to develop in boys.

Types of ADHD

There are three types of ADHD:

  • Inattentive: This is typically referred to when someone uses the term ADD. This means a person shows enough symptoms of inattention but is not hyperactive or impulsive.
  • Hyperactive-impulsive: This type occurs when a person has symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity but not inattention.
  • Combined: This type is when a person has symptoms of both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsivity.

Signs and Symptoms

There are two groups of symptoms: inattentive symptoms and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.

Inattentive symptoms include:

  • Not paying attention to details
  • Difficultly staying focused / being easily distracted
  • Avoiding tasks that take continuous mental effort
  • Difficulty organizing tasks, activities
  • Not seeming to listen when spoken to
  • Being forgetful

Hyperactive-impulsive symptoms:

  • Fidgeting and squirming
  • Non-stop talking
  • Interrupting conversations, games or activities
  • Struggles to play or do tasks quietly
  • Difficulty waiting their turn
  • Runs around or climbs in inappropriate situations
  • Appears to be always ‘on the go’

In order to diagnose ADHD in adulthood, it must be established that the symptoms began in childhood. This can affect someone’s employment, ability to study and capacity to manage their lives.

Treating ADHD

ADHD responds best to a combination of treatments and strategies. Our multidisciplinary team of practitioners will help you tailor an effective treatment plan for your child.

Child Psychiatry: The practitioner will assess and diagnose your child. They will prescribe medication to help manage the symptoms.

Psychotherapy and Behavioral Therapy: Using talk therapy, the practitioner will help children with ADHD express and explore their feelings. Cognitive behavioral therapist an help set up behavior modification programs at school and at work. It involved setting specific goals, and reinforcing desired behaviors through rewards and praise.

Speech Therapy: Children with ADHD often have difficult with social interactions and consequently, can struggled with self-esteem. The practitioner will help the child communicate with others, and teach parents new ways to play and communicate with their child.

Nutrition: Good nutrition can help reduce ADHD symptoms. Our nutritionist can help to tailor a diet plan that best suits you and your child’s schedule.

Support groups: As a parent of a child with ADHD, you may feel alone, frustrated and misunderstood but toher parents. This support group provides parents a supportive network in which participants can exchange experiences and ideas. Check out our calendar to find out the next support group for parents who have children with ADHD. 

Source: Health Line, Help Guide,  Mind Health Connect